Honda Civic/Acura Integra

since 1994 release

Repair and operation of the car

Honda Tsivik
+ Cars of the Honda Civic and Acura Integra brand
+ Maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
- Engine
   + Repair of the engine without extraction from the car - the Civic model
   + Repair of the engine without extraction from the car - the Integra model
   - General and capital repairs of the engine
      General information
      Check of pressure of oil
      Check of compression pressure in cylinders
      Diagnostics of a condition of the engine with use of the vacuum gage
      Removal from the car of the power unit - preparation and precautionary measures
      Removal and installation of the engine
      Alternative versions of schemes of recovery repair of the engine
      Order of dismantling of the engine by preparation it to capital repairs
      Dismantling of a head of cylinders
      Cleaning and check of a condition of a head of cylinders
      Service of valves
      Assembly of a head of cylinders
      Removal of conrod and piston assemblies
      Removal of a bent shaft
      Cleaning of the block of the engine
      Check of a condition of the block of the engine
      Honingovaniye of mirrors of cylinders
      Check of a condition of components of conrod and piston group
      Check of a condition of a bent shaft
      Check of a state and selection of inserts of radical and conrod bearings of a bent shaft
      Engine assembly order
      Installation of piston rings
      Installation of a bent shaft and check of working gaps of radical bearings
      Replacement of a back epiploon of a bent shaft
      Installation of conrod and piston assemblies and check of size of working gaps in conrod bearings of a bent shaft
      Trial start and running in of the engine after capital repairs
+ Cooling system and heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Gear shifting box
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment

Check of a condition of components of conrod and piston group


1. Previously conrod and piston assemblies have to be carefully cleared. Rings need to be removed from pistons.

Piston rings are subject to replacement without fail.

2. By means of special adaptation remove rings from pistons – try not to damage walls of the last incidentally.
3. Scratch out traces of coal deposits from the bottoms of pistons. After removal of the main layer of deposits, smooth out a surface manually a wire brush or a piece of a fine-grained emery paper.

Do not use for cleaning made of soft material and pistons easily subject to an erosion wire nozzles to the electric drill at all!

4a. By means of special adaptation clean flutes under installation of rings on pistons (see an accompanying illustration).

4b. It is alternatively possible to use for this purpose a fragment of an old piston ring (see an accompanying illustration), however be careful – do not scratch a bottom and walls of a flute and do not cut fingers.

5. Having removed the main deposits, wash out conrod assemblies by solvent and carefully dry them, whenever possible with use of compressed air. Check passability of maslovozvratny openings in back walls of flutes under installation of piston rings, and also oil openings in the lower heads of rods.

When using compressed air do not forget to put on goggles!

6. If walls pistons and mirrors of cylinders are not damaged and excessively are not worn-out, and the block of the engine was not pierced and not replaced, need for replacement of pistons disappears. Normal wear of pistons is shown in the form of vertical traces of development on a persistent surface and a small weak point of landing of the top compression ring in the flute. Do not forget that replacement of piston rings is made without fail, regardless of their state.
7. Attentively examine each of pistons on existence of cracks in a skirt, around ledges under installation of piston fingers and around an arrangement of rings.
8. Check persistent surfaces of a skirt of the piston for existence of scratches, the bottom – on existence of through openings and progar on edge. Existence of scratches on a skirt can be regarded as a sign of long overheats of the engine, or too early ignition of air-fuel mix – check serviceability of functioning of the cooling system. Progara at the edges of the bottom are the certificate of a detonation. Anyway, the cause of the revealed violation has to be removed in order to avoid a recurrence. Also leak of the soaked-up air, the wrong configuration of air-fuel mix, violation of installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition, the wrong functioning of systems of ignition and EGR can act as the possible reasons of education listed defects.
9. Pointed corrosion of pistons in the form of cavities speaks about hit in combustion chambers and/or a case of the engine of cooling liquid. Besides, take care that the cause of internal leaks was removed.

10. Estimate the size of a side gap of landing of piston rings in the flutes for what enclose a new ring outside in the flute on the piston and the probe of lezviyny type measure the remaining gap (see an accompanying illustration). Repeat measurement in two-three points on flute perimeter. You watch to pereputspetsifikatsat compression rings (top differs from the second). If the size of a gap exceeds admissible value (see Specifications), pistons are subject to replacement.

11. Define a landing gap of pistons in the cylinders for what an izmerye diameters of the last (see Check of a condition of the block of the engine) and subtract from them diameters of the corresponding pistons. Measurement of diameter of the piston is performed on his skirt, at an angle 90 ° (see an accompanying illustration) to an axis of a piston finger.

12. If the landing gap of the piston in the cylinder exceeds admissible value (see Specifications), the block should be given to a pro-point with a selection of new pistons of repair diameter.
13. Estimate correctness of landing of pistons on rods, having tried to rotate components in opposite directions. Existence of any noticeable side play speaks about excessive wear of a joint. For correction of a situation it is necessary to deliver conrod and piston assemblies in a workshop of car service where necessary recovery repair and replacement of fingers will be made.
14. Implementation of the procedure of removal of pistons from rods (in case of such need) has also to be entrusted to specialists of car service. In parallel rods can be checked for existence of signs of a bend, twisting and other deformations with use of the special diagnostic equipment.

Needlessly it is not necessary to remove pistons from rods.

15. Check rods for existence of cracks and other mechanical damages. Temporarily uncover the lower heads, take inserts of old bearings, wipe beds in covers and heads and check them for existence of agnails, zadir and roughnesses. Having finished check, enclose into place old inserts, establish covers on the lower heads of rods and by hand tighten fixing bolts.

If the engine is under repair for the purpose of elimination of knock of fingers, replace conrod assemblies.